Sprachkritik in den Sprachwissenschaften am Beispiel der by Emily Nestler

By Emily Nestler

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Sprachwissenschaft / Sprachforschung (fachübergreifend), observe: 2,0, Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Veranstaltung: Sprachkritik - Seminar, 18 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Sprachkritik reicht von den Meinungen zur neuen deutschen Rechtschreibung über die Verurteilung von Anglizismen bis hin zu der Frage, ob ein Binnen-I die weibliche Emanzipation voran treibt. Platon hat die ersten Grundsteine für die Sprachkritik gelegt und Adelung, Campe und Gottsched haben darauf aufgebaut. Bekannte Sprachkritiker des 20. und 21. Jahrhunderts wie Klemperer und Schiewe aber auch der Verein Deutsche Sprache haben versucht, diese culture fortzuführen.

Es herrscht eine hitzige Diskussion darüber, wer Kritik an der Sprache üben darf und ob diese Disziplin überhaupt einen Platz in den (Sprach-)Wissenschaften hat. Laienhafte Sprachanalysen lösen auf der einen Seite unbegründete Paniken in der Bevölkerung aus wie etwa "die Anglizismen werden die deutsche Sprache vernichten", sie dienen aber auch der Wachsamkeit, um zum Beispiel nationalsozialistische Anzeichen in der Sprache schon frühzeitig zu erkennen. Dennoch können Linguisten durch wissenschaftlich fundierte Erkenntnisse zu einer Aufklärung und Ent-Polemisierung beitragen.

Am Beispiel des Fachjargons wird klar, welche Themen durch die Sprachkritik aufgegriffen werden können und wie eine linguistische oder auch interdisziplinäre examine konkreter Sprachprobleme vonstatten geht. Am Ende stehen die Frage "Kann guy das nicht auch einfacher sagen?" und die Überlegungen zum Zweck und Ziel des Fachjargons.

Die Arbeit bietet einen umfassenden Überblick über wichtige Werke und Stimmen der Sprachkritik und baut auf Originalzitate. Das Literaturverzeichnis umfasst 18 namhafte Bücher, wobei der Schwerpunkt auf "Die Macht der Sprache. Eine Geschichte der Sprachkritik von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart." von Jürgen Schiewe liegt.

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A History of the French Language by Peter Rickard

By Peter Rickard

This well-established and renowned ebook offers scholars with the entire linguistic history they wish for learning any interval of French literature. For the second one version the textual content has been revised and up-to-date all through, and the 2 ultimate chapters on modern French, and its place as an international language, were thoroughly rewritten. beginning with a short description of the Vulgar Latin spoken in Gaul, and the earliest recorded varieties of French, Peter Rickard strains the improvement of the language during the later heart a while and Renaissance to teach the way it grew to become standardized in a close to smooth shape within the 17th and eighteenth centuries.

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Adjunct Adverbials in English (Studies in English Language) by Hilde Hasselgård

By Hilde Hasselgård

during this unique examine, Hilde Hasselgård discusses using adverbials in English, via studying examples present in daily texts. Adverbials - clause parts that usually consult with situations of time, area, cause and demeanour - hide a number meanings and will be put initially, within the center or on the finish of a sentence. the outline of the frequency of which means forms and dialogue of the explanations for choosing positions convey that using adverbials differs throughout textual content kinds. Adverbial utilization is frequently associated with the final build-up of a textual content and a part of its content material and function. In utilizing actual texts, Hasselgård identifies a problem for the category of adjuncts, and likewise highlights that a few adjuncts have makes use of that reach into the textual and interpersonal domain names, obscuring the normal divisions among adjuncts, disjuncts and conjuncts.

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The Social Stratification of English in New York City by William Labov

By William Labov

one of many first debts of social edition in language, this groundbreaking research based the self-discipline of sociolinguistics, supplying the version on which hundreds of thousands of experiences were dependent. during this moment version, Labov seems again on 40 years of sociolinguistic learn, bringing the reader brand new on its equipment, findings and achievements. In over thirty pages of latest fabric, he explores the unexpected implications of his prior paintings, addresses the political concerns concerned, and evaluates the good fortune of more recent ways to sociolinguistic research. In doing so, he unearths the exceptional accomplishments of sociolinguistics considering that his unique learn, which laid the rules for learning language edition, brought the the most important inspiration of the linguistic variable, and confirmed how edition throughout age teams is a trademark of language swap. Bringing Labov's pioneering learn into the twenty first century, this vintage quantity will stay the benchmark within the box for years to come.

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Manual of Grammatical Interfaces in Romance (Manuals of by Susann Fischer,Christoph Gabriel

By Susann Fischer,Christoph Gabriel

Different elements of grammar engage in non-trivial methods. it's been lower than debate what the particular variety of interplay is and the way we will be able to so much thoroughly characterize this in grammatical conception. the amount offers a basic review of varied themes within the linguistics of Romance languages by means of interpreting them in the course of the interplay of grammatical elements and capabilities as a state of the art file, yet even as a handbook of Romance languages.

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Lenition and Fortition (Studies in Generative Grammar [SGG]) by Joaquim Brandão de Carvalho,Tobias Scheer,Philippe Ségéral

By Joaquim Brandão de Carvalho,Tobias Scheer,Philippe Ségéral

There are books on tone, coronals, the interior constitution of segments, vowel concord, and 2 different themes in phonology. This ebook goals to fill the space for Lenition and Fortition, that's one of many first phenomena that used to be addressed by way of phonologists within the nineteenth century, and ever because contributed to phonological considering. it truly is one of the center phenomena that's present in the phonology of typical language: including assimilations, the opposite vital kinfolk of phenomena, Lenition and Fortition represent the center of what phonology can do to sound.
The ebook goals to supply an total therapy of the query in its many features: ancient, typological, synchronic, diachronic, empirical and theoretical. a number of present methods to phonology are represented.
The ebook is based into 3 elements: 1) homes and behavior of Lenition/Fortition, 2) lenition styles particularly languages and language households, three) how Lenition/Fortition paintings.
Part 1 describes the homes of lenition and fortition: what counts as such? what sort of behaviour is saw? Which elements undergo on it (positional, stress-related)? Which position has it performed in phonology due to the fact (and even prior to) the nineteenth century? The everything-you-always-wanted-to-know-about-lenition-and-fortition philosophy that publications the notion of the e-book supposes a descriptive, generalisation-oriented variety of writing that is dependent upon a type of phonological lingua franca, instead of on theory-laden vocabulary. additionally, no past wisdom except approximately normal phonological different types could be required while interpreting via half 1. The objective is to supply a large photo of what lenition is, the way it behaves, which elements it truly is conditioned by way of and what generalisations it obeys. This list may well then be used as a yardstick for competing theories.
Part 2 provides a couple of case experiences that convey how Lenition/Fortition behave in a few languages that come with structures that are notoriously emblematic for Lenition/Fortition: Celtic, Western Romance, Germanic and Finnish.
Finally, half three is anxious with the research of the styles which were defined in elements 1 and a pair of. Given their analytic orientation, half three chapters are theory-specific. they give the impression of being on the comparable empirical checklist, or at a subset thereof, and check out to provide an explanation for what they see. even supposing half three chapters are couched in a selected theoretical surroundings that almost all of the time supposes past conceptual wisdom, authors were requested to guarantee theoretical interoperability up to they could.

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The Handbook of Language Variation and Change by J. K. Chambers,Peter Trudgill,Natalie Schilling

By J. K. Chambers,Peter Trudgill,Natalie Schilling

The guide of Language version and Change, written through a exclusive foreign roster of individuals, displays the energy and progress of the self-discipline in its multifaceted targets. it's a handy, hand held repository of the basic wisdom concerning the learn of language edition and alter.

  • Written via the world over well-known specialists within the field.
  • Reflects the energy and development of the discipline.
  • Discusses the guidelines that force the sphere and is illustrated with empirical studies.
  • Includes explanatory introductions which set out the limits of the sector and position all of the chapters into perspective.

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Quotation in Indigenised and Learner English: A by Julia Davydova

By Julia Davydova

Quotative marking in smooth English is a hugely dynamic area which has been present process revolutionary enlargement, with newcomer variations, particularly quotative be like, coming into the scene and restructuring the total procedure. provided that this selection is being positioned foward by means of the more youthful new release in native-speaker groups, the an important query is, How do more youthful audio system residing in numerous elements of the non-Anglophone global applicable this option of their L2 English?

This quantity tackles this question by means of exploring the sociolinguistic mechanisms guiding the adoption of the newcomer be like by way of teens talking English as a moment and as a international language. In so doing, it additionally explores the position of sociolinguistic salience and language attitudes within the technique of variation of world linguistic options.

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The Phonology of Portuguese (The Phonology of the World's by Maria Helena Mateus,Ernesto d'Andrade

By Maria Helena Mateus,Ernesto d'Andrade

during this booklet, the authors supply a correct description of the phonological procedure of Portuguese, evaluating the most phenomena of the 2 most generally prolonged kinds of the language in the mild of present phonological theories. This book's value and curiosity lie within the particular features that supply Portuguese a different position one of the Romance languages.

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Second Language Acquisition and the Critical Period by David Birdsong

By David Birdsong

Second Language Acquisition and the serious interval Hypothesis is the single booklet out there to supply a various selection of views, from skilled researchers, at the function of the severe interval speculation in moment language acquisition. it's greatly believed that age results in either first and moment language acquisition are developmental in nature, with local degrees of attainment in either to be although attainable provided that studying started ahead of the closure of a "window of chance" – a serious or delicate interval. those seven chapters discover this concept at size, with each one contribution appearing as an authoritative check domain names of inquiry in moment language acquisition, together with syntax, morphology, phonetics/phonology, common Grammar, and neurofunctional components. through providing readers with an evenly-balanced tackle the subject with viewpoints either for and opposed to the severe interval speculation, this ebook is the fitting advisor to realizing this severe physique of study in SLA, for college kids and researchers in utilized Linguistics and moment Language Acquisition.

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